1757 Jesuit Map of (Baja) California with lost missions
Padre Miguel Venegas created this map from compiled Jesuit
documents. The northern half of the map is shown here, and includes six
mission sites. Three are known and three may be lost? The second frame has
the six missions marked.
Near the top is a waterhole called 'Aguaje de Santa
Isabel' (between Bahia San Luis Gonzaga and Punta San Fermin).
is also the name of another lost mission believed to be in this part of Baja, a
popular Baja legend.
Jesuit Missions (3 established, 3 'started')
South to north,
Established: Santa Rosalia de Mulege,
Guadalupe, San Ignacio.
'Started': San Juan Bautista, Dolores del Norte,
Santa Maria Magdalena.
Full Map, English Copy
San Juan Bautista was believed to be located in the
Sierra Santa Clara, west of San Ignacio and north of Punta Abreojos.
Sometimes called the Lost Santa Clara mission, no ruins have been
Dolores del Norte (north of San Ignacio)
was indeed an early name for the next mission, which became Santa
Gertrudis. Some maps and INAH show a seperate mission of Dolores del Norte
at the adobe visita ruins of San Pablo. The villagers at San Francisco de
la Sierra told Choral Pepper (in 1964) that the old rock walls there were
from Mision Dolores (see photo, next page). Perhaps an early site, before
being moved north and renamed.
Santa Maria Magdalena is shown
between Dolores del Norte and Bahia de los Angeles. In 1966, Erle Stanley
Gardner's expedition south of L.A. Bay discovered an ancient wall, rubble
outline of a building site, Indian sleeping circles, a young palm tree and
old palm logs (photos on next page). The Jesuits may have abandoned this
mission project soon after the construction had begun. A bell cast for
Santa Maria Magdalena now hangs at Santa Gertrudis, the nearest
established mission. The location of ruins found in 1966 remains unknown
to this day, but the search continues! PHOTOS ON NEXT PAGE: